When We Met Other Human Species

We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.
Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/
Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: uswork.info
Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:
Katie Fichtner, Anthony Callaghan, MissyElliottSmith, The Scintillating Spencer, AA, Zachary Spencer, Stefan Weber, Ilya Murashov, Charles Kahle, Robert Amling, Po Foon Kwong, Larry Wilson, Merri Snaidman, John Vanek, Neil H. Gray, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, الخليفي سلطان, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, PS, Philip Slingerland, Jose Garcia, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Joao Ascensao, Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Alex Yan
If you'd like to support the channel, head over to patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards!
Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook - eonsshow
Twitter - eonsshow
Instagram - eonsshow
References: docs.google.com/document/d/1h8iVAIugVPfxOcCZKeZxtZfa6mNP8V7xMhS_vxmDRl0/edit?usp=sharing


  1. PBS Eons

    PBS Eons3 months ago

    Some commenters have pointed out that calling Neanderthals and Denisovans “other hominin species” in this episode breaks the rules of the biological species concept (BSC), which says if two things can interbreed, then they’re the same species. Some paleoanthropologists would agree. They consider both Neanderthals and Denisovans to be subspecies of Homo sapiens, rather than separate species. Other experts would say that Neanderthals have a set of features that make them clearly distinguishable from Homo sapiens, putting them outside the range of variation we include in our species. And we hardly know the Denisovans - like we said in the video, they don’t even have a scientific name yet. The incredible thing about this is that we can even think about applying the BSC to fossils at all. The BSC is a species concept based on living organisms, and it’s only been within the last two decades or so that we’ve had the ancient DNA and the technology to test hypotheses about interbreeding in extinct groups. And it’s not the only way to define a species, either, so it will likely be a while (if ever) before anthropologists decide whether we’re a different species, subspecies, or population from the Neanderthals and Denisovans. (Darcy Shapiro, PhD, script editor)

  2. Bill Keck

    Bill KeckDay ago

    Sometimes I wonder. If a paleontologist found fossils in different parts of the world would they classify Pygmies (about 4 ft tall( as the same species as Zulus (about 7 ft tall.) What about Bushmen of the Kalahari, or Asians, say Japanese. or Australian Aborigines. Or Mayans? Would these all be classified as the same "species"? Again, remember, I talking about dead fossils. I recently saw an Tyrannosaur exhibit at the American Museum of Natural, where they've recently identified that small T-Rex-like "species" are actually the same species of Tyrannosaurus Rex, but at different ages: baby, adolescent, young adult, adult.

  3. Alex2149

    Alex2149Day ago

    PBS Eons γες

  4. pauldh62

    pauldh623 days ago

    @Flightrisk When we have thoroughly aired this one 50 to 100 years from now I reckon there will be several more brothers or sister human species discovered, all assimilated with Sapiens Sapiens.

  5. Flightrisk

    Flightrisk4 days ago

    PBS Eons they need to be looking at the specific blood types. People should consider that we are the product of other types of beings. Rh- folks for example have an extra vertebra as well they have more copper streaming in their blood, making them far more conductive! These things are important to consider when looking at our ancient ancestors or root races. Then we must always remember that the truth is right inside all of us, safely stored in our DNA. Time to start researching inwardly💚💫

  6. Rayvn e'Kieron

    Rayvn e'Kieron4 days ago

    @pauldh62 That's essentially true, as far as I can tell! So resonably, dogs could be considered a subspecies of wolves. But dogs can interbreed with coyotes and jackals as well, which are also considered to be separate species.

  7. Kiritu George

    Kiritu George5 hours ago

    There was a subspecies of humans that interbred with ancient Africans and their DNA is strong in peoples like Khoisan, Pygmies etc and weak in modern Bantus. This subspecies is similar to the Neanderthals interbreeding with ancient Eurasians. They havent been properly researched though. Much love from Kenya.

  8. Karandxp

    Karandxp5 hours ago

    Damn...this makes me wonder how long my bones gonna last.

  9. Jermin Sanchez

    Jermin Sanchez9 hours ago

    Anyone else bothered by the fact that he pronounces neanderTHALL as neanderTALL

  10. 終極神卡

    終極神卡10 hours ago

    Jokes on you frikkr I’m a Martian

  11. Nicolas Licastro

    Nicolas Licastro15 hours ago

    -That pseudo-human is pseudo sexy +So... what are you saying? -Well it's almost as attractive as my ex now that I hate her... +Pff, neolitic problems. Look at my alpha males courtship skills

  12. Florian Müller

    Florian Müller17 hours ago

    Did your cutter / video editor count how many times he used the same illustrations?

  13. SEEtheREPLAY

    SEEtheREPLAY20 hours ago

    Wait. So there is DNA that can’t be traced to Africa? I thought Africa was the cradle?

  14. Nefaryus Drake

    Nefaryus Drake21 hour ago

    Mating with hominins made Ad-Hominins

  15. Jacen Solo

    Jacen Solo22 hours ago

    Neanderthals were... BIG BRAIN

  16. Dindin Private

    Dindin PrivateDay ago

    A bit more proof of hybrid vigour...

  17. Axios .king

    Axios .kingDay ago

    Everyone but Africans

  18. Jinnie Lee

    Jinnie LeeDay ago

    this was such a good video

  19. richtaco

    richtacoDay ago

    People just believe whatever scientists say. This is hilarious

  20. Sam D

    Sam DDay ago

    Maybe they didn't die out, maybe we all just made love and there were more homo sapiens than Neanderthals or Denisovans so more of our DNA ended up in the batter.

  21. Stinky Hernandez

    Stinky HernandezDay ago

    I should be writing a science term paper right now but im watching this

  22. peerless sector

    peerless sectorDay ago

    I swear he is mispronouncing "Neanderthal"

  23. Dalton Ivey

    Dalton IveyDay ago

    They were slaves and eventually worked to death.

  24. Armin X

    Armin XDay ago

    Sapiens - Human Florensis - Hobbits Neanderthals - basically dwarfs So basically some of the most prominent species from the Fantasy genre are based on ancient relatives?

  25. WeGotSwag

    WeGotSwagDay ago

    Isn’t it funny how every recreation of the new species look Caucasian

  26. Eshe’s_World

    Eshe’s_WorldDay ago

    The missing link🤔

  27. Ashadieeyah Sultana

    Ashadieeyah Sultana2 days ago

    Personally I think what have Homo sapiens Sapiens (modern humans) an advantage is our ability to adapt rapidly. Wether that’s through more advanced technology or through interbreeding with species adapted to those locations

  28. Robert Ford

    Robert Ford2 days ago

    Love this video

  29. rebeccamaria63

    rebeccamaria632 days ago

    Basically, they were ALL HUMANS of SOME kind. Why be so species-ist. They were all conscious hominids. We were just the trickiest, luckiest and probably the most aggressive, lets face it.

  30. Duck Moore

    Duck Moore2 days ago

    So... Does this mean I’m a “mutt”?

  31. Duck Moore

    Duck Moore2 days ago

    So WHO do we blame for the appendix?

  32. Doctor Medkit

    Doctor Medkit2 days ago

    It bugs me so much that he keeps saying Neandertalls

  33. Mojo Dope

    Mojo Dope2 days ago

    2:30 translates at the top of the bones not the pit of the bones which refers to down.

  34. Alejo petinato

    Alejo petinato2 days ago

    hi man awesome video! greatings from argentina! a little CORRECTION: sima de los huesos is not pit of bones, "sima" its the top o a mount or mountain. mi respects! keep doing ur viedos are great!

  35. christian cravens

    christian cravens2 days ago

    Holds true today as yesterday...dudes will get freaky with pretty much anything

  36. Sacha David

    Sacha David2 days ago

    The lesson of the story is to breed with strangers as much as possible!

  37. Júlia Kercsmár

    Júlia KercsmárDay ago

    Lol. 😂So hook-up culture is not a modern trend?

  38. T. Ferttita is a Commie bootlicker

    T. Ferttita is a Commie bootlicker2 days ago

    He didnt mention homo naledi, homo florensis, and possibly even homo erectus were alive at the same time as well.

  39. Victor Prokop

    Victor Prokop3 days ago

    Is the "Sexy Neanderthal Theory" plausable?

  40. Brick Animations

    Brick Animations3 days ago

    It’s sad that we are the only human species left but imagine the racism if all the species were still here

  41. Rizal Punio

    Rizal Punio3 days ago

    More discrimination I think

  42. Lirrulewon

    Lirrulewon3 days ago

    So at the end of the day we are all Africans hmmmm some mixed some not.

  43. Aster B

    Aster B3 days ago

    hMmMmM this could be an anime

  44. THAT eLmo GUY

    THAT eLmo GUY3 days ago


  45. Sergio Alcantara

    Sergio Alcantara3 days ago

    According to my dna test I have Neanderthal dna in me. That might be the cause of my stupidity at times. 😂

  46. Anthony R.

    Anthony R.3 days ago

    What are names of the background tones? Or what genre is that I feel like some of them get me in a creative mood lol

  47. Christian Soriano

    Christian Soriano3 days ago

    Sima means top of.. usually a mountain Hill etc... Not a pit

  48. cenkiss2331

    cenkiss23313 days ago

    We are the neandarthals. They did not get extinct. This nonsense theory called out of africa has no basis. Africa has no civilization , all traces of greatest Human civilizations are around mediterranian sea and fertile crescent. Yet the fools insist on something ridiculous because of politics.

  49. Yen Feng

    Yen Feng3 days ago

    😂😂 1800 years there is but one race the human race so are people who saying there unicorns salvores or whatever.


    BDFFRNT3 days ago

    We are not one lone branch, but rather one homogeneous canopy. Love the video, and the green ❤

  51. Angel A

    Angel A4 days ago

    Takeaway: If someone looks like you (I.e. same ethnic group), you are too close in the gene pool- RUN don't walk and find someone else to procreate with😉😁

  52. Ana R

    Ana R4 days ago

    Its not sima de los huesos but cima de los huesos

  53. the one momojombo

    the one momojombo4 days ago

    If human kill another human being just because of their skin colour.. What makes you think a different humanoid species will survive our human cruelty?

  54. Matthew Thompson

    Matthew Thompson4 days ago

    Make a video on why scientists always over-prununciate words. Its neanderTHAL not neandertall smh

  55. Shaun Cummings

    Shaun Cummings4 days ago

    I’m telling my church on you

  56. KraggleWulf

    KraggleWulf4 days ago

    Well I know where my sex drive comes from now.

  57. Lindsay Williams

    Lindsay Williams4 days ago

    What about studying the genes/DNA of indigenous people? I feel like that could show a lot of information

  58. Mingye Wang

    Mingye Wang21 hour ago

    Scientists already do that - they know it’s dumb to look at very well known and relatively recent colonizations because there’s usually nothing new to learn in that. When you look at all the haplogroup things and how they map out how humans migrated you will see how they have done that for quite some time.

  59. Knaughty F

    Knaughty F2 days ago

    Indigenous is a very vague term in human evolution. Even the oldest fossil sample found in North America (Arlington springs man/woman/whatever) is just a boring homo sapien.

  60. victor soto

    victor soto4 days ago

    So, Native Africans, who never migrated and met others, are the only "true" Homo Sapiens. There is more diversity of DNA in Africa than anywhere else in the world...the more diverse, the genetics, the healthier the body. The combination of inbreeding and interbreeding, by western man, has diluted the bloodline of "true" humans.

  61. Jose Rodriguez

    Jose Rodriguez4 days ago

    Is that Mr. Green?

  62. Isa_735

    Isa_7354 days ago

    I freaking love this guy

  63. Nick Sklavos

    Nick Sklavos4 days ago

    Very nice and very informative. Thank you very much. Of course there is always the 5% that don’t like to hear scientific facts. What do you do let’s laugh.

  64. Mister WarBeast

    Mister WarBeast4 days ago

    Neanderthals didn't go extinct... we just learned to blend in and not be noticed...

  65. Marty Jansing

    Marty Jansing4 days ago

    homo sapien archaic, homo sapien neanderthals. homo sapien sapien....populations have variations

  66. Rebekah kissel

    Rebekah kissel4 days ago

    Humans just understood how to make fire

  67. beth, i guess

    beth, i guess4 days ago

    i love learning about this stuff. it makes me sad knowing that no other hominids are alive anymore... humans are so lonely. id love to have a close relative species :-( i wish i could go back in time to meet some neanderthals or denisovans

  68. jayrozzle

    jayrozzle4 days ago

    Even though I already know none of this is 100% accurate; are you telling the people that descendants from Africa don't have any DNA coming from Neanderthals 😬🤫.. Maybe Darwin was right about evolution.. Just not talking about Africa or its descendants.. Neanderthals are cavemen. Very similar to primates. T